Clinical and metabolic effects of drospirenone-estradiol in menopausal women: a prospective study.
Author(s): Gambacciani M, Rosano G, Cappagli B, Pepe A, Vitale C, Genazzani AR
Affiliation(s): Department of Reproductive Medicine and Child Development, Division of Obstetrics and Gynecology Piero Fioretti, Pisa University Hospital, University of Pisa, Via Roma 67, Pisa, Italy.
Publication date & source: 2011-02, Climacteric., 14(1):18-24. Epub 2010 Oct 27.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial
OBJECTIVES: To describe the effects of low-dose hormonal replacement therapy (HRT) on quality of life, metabolic parameters and blood pressure in postmenopausal women. METHODS: Postmenopausal women untreated with HRT or sex steroids in the previous 12 months were randomized to treatment with 17beta-estradiol (1 mg/day) plus drospirenone (2 mg/day) (E2+DRSP) or to calcium (controls). Quality of life was evaluated by the Women's Health Questionnaire (WHQ) at baseline and after 6 and 12 weeks of treatment. Anthropometric, metabolic and blood pressure measurements were performed before and after 3 months of treatment. RESULTS: WHQ domain scores for vasomotor and somatic symptoms, anxiety/fears, depressed mood, sexual behavior and sleep problems decreased significantly in the E2+DRSP group relative to both baseline and control values (p < 0.05). Body mass index was unchanged, while waist circumference decreased significantly (p < 0.001) after E2+DRSP treatment. Significant decreases were also observed after E2+DRSP treatment for blood insulin values, insulin resistance (estimated by homeostasis model assessment) and systolic blood pressure (p < 0.001, all). In subjects with systolic blood pressure < 130 mmHg at baseline, no changes in systolic values were registered, while women with baseline high-normal systolic blood pressure (130-139 mmHg) showed significant decreases (p < 0.0069). E2+DRSP did not modify diastolic blood pressure values. In the calcium-treatment group, there were no significant changes in WHQ scores or in anthropometric, metabolic or blood pressure measurements. CONCLUSION: In postmenopausal women, E2+DRSP administration improves vasomotor symptoms and general aspects of quality of life and may positively influence cardiovascular risk factors.