Infliximab-induced disseminated histoplasmosis in a patient with Crohn's disease.
Author(s): Galandiuk S, Davis BR
Affiliation(s): University of Louisville, Louisville, KY 40292, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2008-05, Nat Clin Pract Gastroenterol Hepatol., 5(5):283-7. Epub 2008 Apr 8.
Publication type: Case Reports
BACKGROUND: A 56-year-old female with a 30-year history of ileocolic Crohn's disease presented with a 1-month history of bloody diarrhea and decreased caliber of stools; physical examination revealed a broad indurated anal fissure. The patient had been receiving antimetabolite therapy with 6-mercaptopurine and maintenance therapy with infliximab for over a year. INVESTIGATIONS: Physical examination; proctoscopy; perianal and anal canal biopsy; chest CT; blood and stool analysis, measurement of serum histoplasmosis antibodies and urine histoplasmosis antigen levels; fungal culture and Gomori's methenamine silver staining of resected tissue specimens. DIAGNOSIS: Disseminated histoplasmosis. MANAGEMENT: Proctocolectomy and end ileostomy followed by treatment with liposomal amphotericin and then oral itraconazole. A palmar space abscess required multiple debridements, and a muscle flap to cover the defect.