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Persistence of vaccine-induced measles antibody beyond age 12 months: a comparison of response to one and two doses of Edmonston-Zagreb measles vaccine among HIV-infected and uninfected children in Malawi.

Author(s): Fowlkes A, Witte D, Beeler J, Audet S, Garcia P, Curns A, Yang C, Fudzulani R, Broadhead R, Bellini WJ, Cutts F, Helfand RF

Affiliation(s): Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia 30333, USA. afowlkes@cdc.gov

Publication date & source: 2011-07, J Infect Dis., 204 Suppl 1:S149-57.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

BACKGROUND: Previously, we demonstrated that measles antibody prevalence was lower at age 12 months among children infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) than uninfected children following measles vaccination (MV) at ages 6 and 9 months. Among HIV-uninfected children, measles antibody prevalence was lower among 1- than 2-dose MV recipients. Here, we report results through age 24 months. METHODS: Children born to HIV-infected mothers received MV at 6 and 9 months, and children of HIV-uninfected mothers were randomized to MV at 6 and 9 months or MV at 9 months. We followed children through age 24 months. The child's HIV status was determined and measles immunoglobulin G (IgG) level was measured by enzyme immunoassay (EIA) and by plaque reduction neutralization (PRN) on a subset. RESULTS: Among HIV-uninfected children, the difference in measles antibody prevalence at age 12 months between one- and two-dose recipients reported previously by EIA was shown to be smaller by PRN. By age 24 months, 84% and 87% of HIV-uninfected children receiving 1 or 2 doses, respectively, were seroprotected. Only 41% of 22 HIV-infected children were measles seroprotected at age 20 months. DISCUSSION: Measles seroprotection persisted through age 24 months among HIV-uninfected children who received 1 or 2 doses of MV. HIV-infected children demonstrated seroprotection through age 12 months, but this was not sustained. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Infectious Diseases Society of America 2011.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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