Dose-response for adrenal suppression with hydrofluoroalkane formulations of fluticasone propionate and beclomethasone dipropionate.
Author(s): Fowler SJ, Orr LC, Wilson AM, Sims EJ, Lipworth BJ
Affiliation(s): Asthma and Allergy Research Group, Department of Clinical Pharmacology & Therapeutics, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 9SY.
Publication date & source: 2001-07, Br J Clin Pharmacol., 52(1):93-5.
Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial
AIMS: With the recent introduction of hydrofluoroalkane (HFA) inhalers it is important to know the relative systemic safety profiles of inhaled corticosteroids. We therefore decided to compare systemic bioavailability of HFA-beclomethasone dipropionate (BDP) vs HFA-fluticasone propionate (FP). METHODS: Sixteen healthy volunteers were randomised in placebo-controlled single blind cross-over fashion to receive 3 weeks with HFA-FP or HFA-BDP, given as 1 week cumulative doubling doses (nominal ex-valve) of 500, 1000 and 2000 microg day(-1), with a 1 week placebo run-in and wash-out. Overnight (22.00 h to 08.00 h) and early morning (08.00 h) urinary cortisol/creatinine excretion and 08.00 h serum cortisol were measured after each placebo and dosing period. All data were log-transformed to normalize their distribution. RESULTS: Urine and serum cortisol were suppressed by 2000 microg FP and BDP vs placebo and by 1000 microg BDP vs placebo for urinary cortisol/creatinine (P < 0.05). Overnight urinary cortisol/creatinine ratio (the primary endpoint) was suppressed more by 1000 microg BDP vs 1000 microg FP (P < 0.05), amounting to a geometric mean fold difference (95% CI) of 1.64 (1.04-2.56). There were also more individual low values less than 3 nmol mmol(-1) with BDP than FP at 1000 microg: n = 8/16 vs n = 2/16 (P < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: There was dose-related suppression of corrected urinary cortisol/creatinine with the HFA formulations of BDP and FP. Suppression of overnight urinary cortisol/creatinine ratio was significantly greater with HFA-BDP than HFA-FP at 1000 microg. This suggests that the greater glucocorticoid potency of HFA-FP may be offset by the greater lung bioavailability of HFA-BDP.