Disease-modifying properties of long-term lithium treatment for amnestic mild cognitive impairment: randomised controlled trial.
Author(s): Forlenza OV, Diniz BS, Radanovic M, Santos FS, Talib LL, Gattaz WF
Affiliation(s): Laboratory of Neuroscience (LIM 27) Department and Institute of Psychiatry, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sao Paulo, Rua Dr. Ovidio Pires de Campos 785, 05403-010 - Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil. email@example.com.
Publication date & source: 2011-05, Br J Psychiatry., 198(5):351-6.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial
BACKGROUND: Two recent clinical studies support the feasibility of trials to evaluate the disease-modifying properties of lithium in Alzheimer's disease, although no benefits were obtained from short-term treatment. AIMS: To evaluate the effect of long-term lithium treatment on cognitive and biological outcomes in people with amnestic mild cognitive impairment (aMCI). METHOD: Forty-five participants with aMCI were randomised to receive lithium (0.25-0.5 mmol/l) (n = 24) or placebo (n = 21) in a 12-month, double-blind trial. Primary outcome measures were the modification of cognitive and functional test scores, and concentrations of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) biomarkers (amyloid-beta peptide (Abeta(42)), total tau (T-tau), phosphorylated-tau) (P-tau). Trial registration: NCT01055392. RESULTS: Lithium treatment was associated with a significant decrease in CSF concentrations of P-tau (P = 0.03) and better perform-ance on the cognitive subscale of the Alzheimer's Disease Assessment Scale and in attention tasks. Overall tolerability of lithium was good and the adherence rate was 91%. CONCLUSIONS: The present data support the notion that lithium has disease-modifying properties with potential clinical implications in the prevention of Alzheimer's disease.