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Antiviral activity of danoprevir (ITMN-191/RG7227) in combination with pegylated interferon alpha-2a and ribavirin in patients with hepatitis C.

Author(s): Forestier N, Larrey D, Marcellin P, Guyader D, Patat A, Rouzier R, Smith PF, Qin X, Lim S, Bradford W, Porter S, Seiwert SD, Zeuzem S

Affiliation(s): JW Goethe University Hospital, Frankfurt, Germany.

Publication date & source: 2011-08-15, J Infect Dis., 204(4):601-8.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

BACKGROUND: Current therapy options for patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection genotype 1 are effective in <50%. Danoprevir (ITMN-191/RG7227) is a potent, selective, and orally active inhibitor of the HCV NS3/4A serine protease. METHODS: The safety and antiviral efficacy of danoprevir was examined over 14 days in combination with pegylated interferon alpha-2a (180 mug once weekly) and ribavirin (1000-1200 mg/day) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 1b, multiple ascending dose study consisting of 6 dose cohorts (400 mg, 600 mg, and 900 mg twice daily and 100 mg, 200 mg, and 300 mg 3 times daily). RESULTS: Danoprevir in combination with pegylated interferon alpha-2a and ribavirin was safe and generally well tolerated. The median change in HCV RNA level from baseline to the end of treatment with danoprevir at 400 mg, 600 mg, and 900 mg twice daily was -4.7 log(10) IU/mL, -5.4 log(10) IU/mL, and -5.3 log(10) IU/mL, respectively, and at 100 mg, 200 mg, and 300 mg 3 times daily was -5.5 log(10) IU/mL, -5.7 log(10) IU/mL, and -5.6 log(10) IU/mL, respectively. Placebo administered in combination with standard of care resulted in median decrease in HCV RNA level of -2.6 log(10) IU/mL (with twice daily regimen) and -2.0 log(10) IU/mL (with 3 times daily regimen). CONCLUSIONS: Our study showed substantial antiviral efficacy of danoprevir in combination with pegylated interferon alpha-2a and ribavirin. Exploration of the safety and antiviral efficacy of danoprevir in longer clinical studies is warranted.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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