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Treatment of chronic hepatitis C patients with the NS3/4A protease inhibitor danoprevir (ITMN-191/RG7227) leads to robust reductions in viral RNA: a phase 1b multiple ascending dose study.

Author(s): Forestier N, Larrey D, Guyader D, Marcellin P, Rouzier R, Patat A, Smith P, Bradford W, Porter S, Blatt L, Seiwert SD, Zeuzem S

Affiliation(s): J.W. Goethe Universitat, Frankfurt, Germany. nicole.forestier@kgu.de

Publication date & source: 2011-06, J Hepatol., 54(6):1130-6. Epub 2011 Feb 24.

Publication type: Clinical Trial, Phase I; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Danoprevir is a potent and selective inhibitor of the hepatitis C virus (HCV) NS3/4A serine protease. The present study assessed the safety, pharmacokinetics, and antiviral activity of danoprevir in a randomized, placebo-controlled, 14-day multiple ascending dose study in patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection. METHODS: Four cohorts of treatment-naive (TN) patients (100 mg q12 h, 100 mg q8 h, 200 mg q12 h, 200 mg q8 h) and one cohort of non-responders (NR) to prior pegylated interferon alfa-ribavirin treatment (300 mg q12 h) were investigated. RESULTS: Danoprevir was safe and well tolerated; adverse events were generally mild, transient and were not associated with treatment group or dose level. Danoprevir displayed a slightly more than proportional increase in exposure with increasing daily dose and was rapidly eliminated from the plasma compartment. Maximal decreases in HCV RNA were: -3.9 log(10)IU/ml and -3.2 log(10)IU/ml in TN receiving 200 mg q8 h and 200 mg q12 h, respectively. End of treatment viral decline in these two cohorts was within 0.1 log(10)IU/ml of the viral load nadir. HCV RNA reduction in NR was more modest than that observed in upper dose TN cohorts. The overall incidence of viral rebound was low (10/37) and was associated with the R155K substitution in NS3 regardless of the HCV subtype. CONCLUSIONS: Danoprevir was safe and well tolerated when administered for 14 days in patients with chronic HCV genotype 1 infection. Treatment resulted in sustained, multi-log(10) IU/ml reductions in HCV RNA in upper dose cohorts. These results support further clinical evaluation of danoprevir in patients with chronic HCV. Copyright (c) 2011. Published by Elsevier B.V. on behalf of the European Association for the Study of the Liver.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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