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Candidate-gene association analysis of response to risperidone in African-American and white patients with schizophrenia.

Author(s): Fijal BA, Kinon BJ, Kapur S, Stauffer VL, Conley RR, Jamal HH, Kane JM, Witte MM, Houston JP

Affiliation(s): Lilly USA, LLC, Indianapolis, IN 46285, USA.

Publication date & source: 2009-10, Pharmacogenomics J., 9(5):311-8. Epub 2009 May 19.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Clinical trial data were evaluated for the association between 22 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) and response in acutely ill patients diagnosed with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or schizophreniform disorder, who were treated with oral risperidone. All patients in the exploratory (78 African Americans) and validation (65 whites) data sets received risperidone 2-6 mg per day over 2-12 weeks. Two SNPs were found to have significant associations with response to risperidone over 2-12 weeks in both African-American and white patients and had a consistent direction of effect in both cohorts. Metabotropic glutamate receptor (GRM3) SNP, rs724226, was associated with a change in the positive and negative syndrome scale (PANSS) total response. Catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) SNP, rs165599, was moderately associated with a change in the PANSS Negative score. The greater prevalence of poor-responder GRM3 and COMT alleles in white versus African-American patients might have a clinical significance in evaluating the ethnic-specific response to risperidone.

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