Effect of a perioperative intra-articular injection on pain control and early range of motion following bilateral TKA.
Author(s): Fajardo M, Collins J, Landa J, Adler E, Meere P, Di Cesare PE
Affiliation(s): Department of Orthopedic Surgery, NYU Hospital for Joint Diseases, New York, New York, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2011-05-18, Orthopedics., 34(5):354.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial
Pain control after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is integral in the immediate postoperative period for early rehabilitation. Numerous different methods of postoperative analgesia are available, but each has its own risk of adverse side effects. This study was performed to prospectively evaluate the benefits of an intra-articular analgesic injection in patients undergoing bilateral TKA.Thirty consecutive patients undergoing bilateral TKA were enrolled in this prospective, randomized, controlled study. Each patient was randomized to receive (1) a perioperative intra-articular mixture of morphine, bupivacaine with epinephrine, and ketorolac in 1 knee, and (2) injectable sterile saline in the contralateral knee. Each patient acted as his or her own internal control. The pharmacologically injected knee had statistically significantly less pain immediately postoperatively when compared to the control knee and displayed significantly increased range of motion within the first week of rehabilitation.The use of an intraoperative intra-articular injection with the above drug combination significantly reduces patient pain and increases postoperative mobility with no apparent risks following bilateral TKA. Copyright 2011, SLACK Incorporated.