DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Comparison of the effects of xenon and sevoflurane anaesthesia on leucocyte function in surgical patients: a randomized trial.

Author(s): Fahlenkamp AV(1), Coburn M, Rossaint R, Stoppe C, Haase H.

Affiliation(s): Author information: (1)Department of Anaesthesiology.

Publication date & source: 2014, Br J Anaesth. , 112(2):272-80

BACKGROUND: While most anaesthetics are known to suppress immune reactions, data from experimental studies indicate the enhancement of reactivity to inflammatory stimulators under xenon treatment. We investigated the effect of xenon anaesthesia on leucocyte function in surgical patients. METHODS: We performed a subgroup analysis of subjects undergoing xenon or sevoflurane anaesthesia in a randomized clinical trial. After oral premedication with midazolam, two separate blood samples were obtained from subjects undergoing elective abdominal surgery, directly before and 1 h after induction of anaesthesia. General anaesthesia was maintained with either 60% xenon or 2.0% sevoflurane in 30% O2. Leucocyte count, phagocytotic function, and pro-inflammatory cytokine release after ex vivo lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulation were determined. RESULTS: Except for lymphocyte numbers, leucocyte subpopulations did not differ between the groups. Phagocytosis and oxidative burst of granulocytes were reduced in both groups after 1 h of anaesthesia, whereas monocytes were not affected. Pro-inflammatory cytokine release in response to LPS was not affected. CONCLUSIONS: In vivo, xenon and sevoflurane anaesthesia did not have a pro-inflammatory effect, at least in combination with the types of surgery performed in this study. Notably, the impact of xenon anaesthesia did not differ significantly from sevoflurane anaesthesia with regard to leucocyte function. However, an underestimation of treatment effects due to limited sample sizes cannot be fully excluded.

Page last updated: 2014-12-01

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017