Patient preference for once-monthly ibandronate versus once-weekly alendronate in a randomized, open-label, cross-over trial: the Boniva Alendronate Trial in Osteoporosis (BALTO).
Author(s): Emkey R, Koltun W, Beusterien K, Seidman L, Kivitz A, Devas V, Masanauskaite D
Affiliation(s): Emkey Arthritis and Osteoporosis Clinic, Wyomissing, PA, USA. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2005-12, Curr Med Res Opin., 21(12):1895-903.
OBJECTIVE: Ibandronate, a potent nitrogen-containing bisphosphonate, can be administered with extended interval dosing. Patient preferences were assessed for once-monthly versus once-weekly bisphosphonate treatment using a previously developed, open-label, cross-over trial design. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: This was a 6-month, prospective, randomized, open-label, multi-center study with a two-period and two-sequence cross-over treatment design. After screening, eligible patients (postmenopausal women with osteoporosis) were randomized to once-monthly ibandronate 150 mg followed by once-weekly alendronate 70 mg for a total of 6 months (Sequence A) or once-weekly alendronate followed by once-monthly ibandronate for a total of 6 months (Sequence B). The primary objective was to evaluate patient-reported preference for either the once-monthly ibandronate regimen or the once-weekly alendronate regimen based on responses to a preference questionnaire. RESULTS: A total of 342 patients were enrolled into this study (Sequence A, 170; Sequence B, 172). In the primary analysis of patient preference, 71.4% of women selected once-monthly ibandronate and 28.6% of women selected once-weekly alendronate. Overall, 66.1% preferred the once-monthly ibandronate regimen to the once-weekly alendronate regimen (26.5%) and 7.4% of participants stated no preference for either regimen. The preference rate for once-monthly ibandronate was statistically significant (p < 0.0001). 'Ease of following a treatment regimen for a long time' was the most common reason given for patient preference for both the once-monthly ibandronate (61%, 169/276) and once-weekly alendronate (25%, 70/276) regimens. Additionally, 17% (47/276) of patients who preferred once-monthly ibandronate chose 'it is easier to tolerate side effects' as did 4.3% (12/276) of patients who preferred alendronate. Significantly more women found once-monthly ibandronate to be more convenient (p < 0.0001). CONCLUSIONS: Significantly more women with postmenopausal osteoporosis preferred once-monthly ibandronate therapy to once-weekly alendronate therapy, and found the once-monthly regimen to be more convenient. Ease of following a treatment regimen for a long time was the most common reason given for the patients' preferences.