Ketorolac tromethamine LS 0.4% versus nepafenac 0.1% in patients having cataract surgery. Prospective randomized double-masked clinical trial.
Author(s): Duong HV, Westfield KC, Chalkley TH
Affiliation(s): Nevada State College, Henderson, Nevada 89012, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2007-11, J Cataract Refract Surg., 33(11):1925-9.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
PURPOSE: To compare the clinical, subjective, and objective outcomes of the use of 2 topical nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs--ketorolac tromethamine LS 0.4% (Acular) and nepafenac 0.1% (Nevanac)--in patients having cataract surgery. SETTING: Single-center private practice, Las Vegas, Nevada, USA. METHODS: One hundred eighty-three patients (193 eyes) with visually significant cataract were recruited for the study. Consenting patients were randomized to a standard regimen of Acular, gatifloxacin 0.3% (Zymar), and prednisolone acetate 1% (Pred Forte) (ketorolac group) or Nevanac, moxifloxacin hydrochloride 0.5% (Vigamox), and prednisolone acetate (Econopred) (nepafenac group). Analysis included subjective complaints (burning, itching, foreign-body sensation, pain level after surgery) and objective findings (visual function, degree of inflammation in the anterior segment, complications). RESULTS: The ketorolac group consisted of 94 patients (100 eyes) and the nepafenac group, 89 patients (93 eyes). The between-group differences in visual outcomes and anterior chamber inflammation were not statistically significant (mean P = .33). There was a higher incidence of posterior capsule opacification in the nepafenac group (P = 0.019). Patient satisfaction, patient compliance, and postoperative pain control were statistically significantly better in the ketorolac group (P = .022, P = .023, and P = .025, respectively). CONCLUSION: Ketorolac tromethamine was statistically significantly better than nepafenac in terms of patient satisfaction, compliance, and postoperative pain control.