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Effects of a monophasic combined oral contraceptive containing nomegestrol acetate and 17β-oestradiol on ovarian function in comparison to a monophasic combined oral contraceptive containing drospirenone and ethinylestradiol.

Author(s): Duijkers IJ, Klipping C, Grob P, Korver T

Affiliation(s): Dinox, Groningen, The Netherlands. i.j.m.duijkers@dinox.umcg.nl

Publication date & source: 2010-10, Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care., 15(5):314-25.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

OBJECTIVE: To compare the effects on ovarian activity of two oral contraceptives containing nomegestrol acetate (NOMAC)/17 beta-oestradiol (E2) or drospirenone (DRSP)/ethinylestradiol (EE). METHODS: In this open-label, randomised, six-cycle study, 32 subjects using NOMAC/E2 (2.5-1.5 mg; 24/4-day regimen) were compared to 16 subjects using DRSP/EE (3 mg-30 microg; 21/7-day regimen). Measurements included serum oestradiol, progesterone, follicle stimulating hormone (FSH) and luteinising hormone (LH), and ultrasonography of follicular diameter. RESULTS: No ovulations occurred during treatment. Progesterone was fully suppressed, with mean maximum values <2 nmol/l in both groups over all cycles. For NOMAC/E2, mean maximum follicular diameter decreased from 19.3 mm before treatment to between 6.9 and 8.2 mm during treatment, with no subject having a follicular diameter >/=15 mm. For DRSP/EE, a decrease from 19.6 to between 7.4 and 10.8 mm was observed, with two subjects (12.5%) having a maximum follicle diameter >/=15 mm. These findings were consistent with observed FSH reductions; full suppression of LH surges was observed in both groups. Post-treatment return of ovulation in both groups occurred on average 21 days after the last active tablet intake. CONCLUSIONS: NOMAC/E2 achieves consistent ovulation inhibition, with suppressive effects on the ovaries at least similar to those of DRSP/EE.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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