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The early bactericidal activity of streptomycin.

Author(s): Donald PR, Sirgel FA, Venter A, Smit E, Parkin DP, Van de Wal BW, Dore CJ, Mitchison DA

Affiliation(s): Department of Paediatrics, University of Stellenbosch, Cape Town, South Africa.

Publication date & source: 2002-08, Int J Tuberc Lung Dis., 6(8):693-8.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

SETTING: Patients with sputum smear-positive, newly diagnosed pulmonary tuberculosis studied at Tygerburg Hospital, Cape Town, for their early response to streptomycin (SM). OBJECTIVE: To determine the standard early bactericidal activity (EBA), namely the fall in viable counts of tubercle bacilli in 16-hour sputum collections during the first 2 days of treatment with SM. DESIGN: Patients were randomised to logarithmically spaced daily doses of 7.5, 15 or 30 mg/kg SM. A comparison by standard biological assay methods was then made with previous estimations of the EBA of paromomycin in doses of 7.5 and 15 mg/kg. RESULTS: An EBA of 0.133 obtained with 30 mg/kg SM differed significantly from zero (P = 0.0009), while the EBAs of 0.043 with 15 mg/kg and -0.025 with 7.5 mg/kg did not so differ. A linear regression equation of EBA = -0.2587 + 0.2627 log10 dose was obtained with significant slope (P = 0.007). Paromomycin was estimated to be 1.745 more potent than SM with wide 95% confidence limits (0.6-28.6), indicating that it cannot be considered more potent than SM. CONCLUSIONS: The low EBAs show that SM has low, dose-related, bactericidal activity in cavities, consistent with results from clinical trials. If streptomycin-resistant bacilli are present, paromomycin is probably the aminoglycoside of choice.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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