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Effects of topical 2% dorzolamide hydrochloride alone and in combination with 0.5% timolol maleate on intraocular pressure in normal feline eyes.

Author(s): Dietrich UM, Chandler MJ, Cooper T, Vidyashankar A, Chen G

Affiliation(s): Department of Small Animal Medicine and Surgery, College of Veterinary Medicine, The University of Georgia, Athens, GA 30602, USA. dietrich@vet.uga.edu

Publication date & source: 2007-11, Vet Ophthalmol., 10 Suppl 1:95-100.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the effect of topical 2% dorzolamide alone, and in combination with topical 0.5% timolol, on intraocular pressure (IOP) in normal cats. ANIMALS: Twenty-four healthy Domestic Short-haired cats. PROCEDURE: Baseline values of IOP were established at 7 am, 10 am, 1 pm, 5 pm and 9 pm during pretreatment phase (days 1-2). During treatment phase (days 3-10) cats received 2% dorzolamide HCl q 12 h in group A (n = 6), q 8 h in group B (n = 6), and combined with 0.5% timolol maleate q 12 h in group C (n = 6). Cats in control group D (n = 6) received artificial tears q 8 h. During treatment phase IOP measurements were continued at the same time-points as in the pretreatment phase. RESULTS: Mean pretreatment IOP in all cats was 18.46 +/- 2.99 mmHg. Mean IOP decreased significantly (P < 0.0086) in all treatment groups compared to pretreatment values (group A: 16.40 +/- 0.49 mmHg, group B: 16.04 +/- 0.49 mmHg, group C: 17.76 +/- 0.49 mmHg). IOP did not decrease in control group D (18.55 +/- 0.49 mmHg). The difference in IOP between treatment groups (A, B, C) was not statistically significant, but comparison of IOP between each treatment group and the control group was statistically significant (A-D; P = 0.0057; B-D, P = 0.0012; C-D, P = 0.0212). CONCLUSION: Topical 2% dorzolamide significantly lowers IOP in normal cats but the effect is mild. Concomitant application of 2% dorzolamide and 0.5% timolol does significantly decrease IOP, but the effect is not significantly greater than q 8 h administration of dorzolamide alone.

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