Effect of quinapril on in-stent restenosis and relation to plasma apoptosis signaling molecules.
Author(s): Deftereos S, Giannopoulos G, Kossyvakis C, Kaoukis A, Raisakis K, Driva M, Panagopoulou V, Lappos S, Rentoukas I, Pyrgakis V, Alpert MA
Affiliation(s): Department of Cardiology, Athens General Hospital, Athens, Greece.
Publication date & source: 2010-01-01, Am J Cardiol., 105(1):54-8. Epub 2009 Nov 14.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial
Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors have been reported to inhibit in-stent restenosis. To assess the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibition on in-stent restenosis and its relation to apoptosis, 86 patients with chronic coronary artery disease who required stent implantation in the left anterior descending coronary artery or a major diagonal branch were studied. Patients were randomized to receive quinapril 40 mg/day orally (n = 43) or a placebo (n = 43). Drug therapy was initiated 1 week before initial stenting and continued for 6 months. Plasma levels of the apoptotic signaling molecules soluble Fas and soluble Fas ligand obtained from blood drawn from the left anterior descending coronary artery were measured just before initial stenting and 6 months later, at the time of repeat coronary angiography. In-stent restenosis was present in 9.3% of patients in the quinapril group and 25.6% of patients in the placebo group (p = 0.047). Mean late luminal loss was 0.56 +/- 0.51 mm in the quinapril group and 0.95 +/- 0.95 mm in the placebo group (p = 0.003). There were no significant differences in plasma soluble Fas or soluble Fas ligand levels at baseline. At 6 months, the change in plasma soluble Fas level was significantly higher in the quinapril group (0.72 +/- 1.24 ng/ml) than in the placebo group (0.28 +/- 0.72 ng/ml) (p = 0.024). The change in plasma soluble Fas ligand levels at 6 months was significantly higher in the quinapril group (7.43 +/- 12.2 pg/ml) than in the placebo group (0.06 +/- 6.8 pg/ml) (p = 0.002). In conclusion, the angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor quinapril inhibits in-stent restenosis by stimulating apoptosis after percutaneous intervention.