Effects of exenatide plus rosiglitazone on beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity in subjects with type 2 diabetes on metformin.
Author(s): DeFronzo RA, Triplitt C, Qu Y, Lewis MS, Maggs D, Glass LC
Affiliation(s): Division of Diabetes, Department of Medicine, University of Texas Health Science Center, San Antonio, Texas, USA. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2010-05, Diabetes Care., 33(5):951-7. Epub 2010 Jan 27.
Publication type: Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
OBJECTIVE: Study the effects of exenatide (EXE) plus rosiglitazone (ROSI) on beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity using hyperglycemic and euglycemic insulin clamp techniques in participants with type 2 diabetes on metformin. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS: In this 20-week, randomized, open-label, multicenter study, participants (mean age, 56 +/- 10 years; weight, 93 +/- 16 kg; A1C, 7.8 +/- 0.7%) continued their metformin regimen and received either EXE 10 microg b.i.d. (n = 45), ROSI 4 mg b.i.d. (n = 45), or EXE 10 microg b.i.d. + ROSI 4 mg b.i.d. (n = 47). Seventy-three participants underwent clamp procedures to quantitate insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity. RESULTS A1C declined in all groups (P < 0.05), but decreased most with EXE+ROSI (EXE+ROSI, -1.3 +/- 0.1%; ROSI, -1.0 +/- 0.1%, EXE, -0.9 +/- 0.1%; EXE+ROSI vs. EXE or ROSI, P < 0.05). ROSI resulted in weight gain, while EXE and EXE+ROSI resulted in weight loss (EXE, -2.8 +/- 0.5 kg; EXE+ROSI, -1.2 +/- 0.5 kg; ROSI, + 1.5 +/- 0.5 kg; P < 0.05 between and within all groups). At week 20, 1st and 2nd phase insulin secretion was significantly higher in EXE and EXE+ROSI versus ROSI (both P < 0.05). Insulin sensitivity (M value) was significantly higher in EXE+ROSI versus EXE (P = 0.014). CONCLUSIONS: Therapy with EXE+ROSI offset the weight gain observed with ROSI and elicited an additive effect on glycemic control with significant improvements in beta-cell function and insulin sensitivity.