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Metabolic parameters in the short- and long-term treatment of schizophrenia with sertindole or risperidone.

Author(s): De Hert M, Mittoux A, He Y, Peuskens J

Affiliation(s): University Psychiatric Center Catholic University Leuven, UPC KUL campus Kortenberg, Leuvensesteenweg 517, Kortenberg, Belgium. marc.de.hert@uc-kortenberg.be

Publication date & source: 2011-06, Eur Arch Psychiatry Clin Neurosci., 261(4):231-9. Epub 2010 Sep 5.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

The presence of the metabolic syndrome is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease and diabetes. The short- and long-term metabolic safety of sertindole was compared to that of risperidone in a subset of patients enrolled in the sertindole cohort prospective (SCoP) study, an open randomized study. In 261 randomized patients, there were moderate increases in mean weight, BMI, and waist circumference during treatment with either sertindole or risperidone; after 12 weeks, the increase in weight was 1.3 and 1.1 kg, respectively, and after 36 weeks, it was 2.2 and 2.0 kg, respectively. From baseline to last assessment (up to 60 weeks), weight gains of 1.8 and 1.7 kg for sertindole and risperidone, respectively, were observed. Similar proportions of patients (sertindole: 17% versus risperidone: 16%) had weight increases >/=7% from baseline to last assessment. The mean changes from baseline in triglycerides, total cholesterol, HDL-cholesterol, LDL-cholesterol, plasma glucose and blood pressure were small and not clinically relevant in both treatment groups. No patient in either of the groups developed type 2 diabetes during the study. At last assessment, the prevalence of metabolic syndrome (International Diabetes Federation) was 17% in the sertindole group and 26% in the risperidone group and the incidence of metabolic syndrome was 7% in the sertindole group and 10% in the risperidone group. Treatment with either sertindole or risperidone did not appear to be associated with an increased comparative risk of developing metabolic syndrome. In general, the metabolic effects of sertindole and risperidone were similar.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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