Effects of isoproterenol treatment for 7 days on inflammatory mediators in the rat aorta.
Author(s): Davel AP, Fukuda LE, De Sa LL, Munhoz CD, Scavone C, Sanz-Rosa D, Cachofeiro V, Lahera V, Rossoni LV
Affiliation(s): Departamento de Fisiologia e Biofisica, Instituto de Ciencias Biomedicas I, Universidade de Sao Paulo, Sala 225, Sao Paulo 05508-900, Brazil.
Publication date & source: 2008-07, Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol., 295(1):H211-9. Epub 2008 May 16.
Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of overstimulation of beta-adrenoceptors on vascular inflammatory mediators. Wistar rats were treated with the beta-adrenoceptor agonist isoproterenol (0.3 mg.kg(-1).day(-1) sc) or vehicle (control) for 7 days. At the end of treatment, the right carotid artery was catheterized for arterial and left ventricular (LV) hemodynamic evaluation. Isoproterenol treatment increased LV weight but did not change hemodynamic parameters. Aortic mRNA and protein expression were quantified by real-time RT-PCR and Western blot analysis, respectively. Isoproterenol enhanced aortic mRNA and protein expression of IL-1beta (124% and 125%) and IL-6 (231% and 40%) compared with controls but did not change TNF-alpha expression. The nuclear-to-cytoplasmatic protein expression ration of the NF-kappaB p65 subunit was increased by isoproterenol treatment (51%); in addition, it reduced the cytoplasmatic expression of IkappaB-alpha (52%) in aortas. An electrophoretic mobility shift assay was performed using the aorta, and increased NF-kappaB DNA binding (31%) was observed in isoproterenol-treated rats compared with controls (P < 0.05). Isoproterenol treatment increased phenylephrine-induced contraction in aortic rigs (P < 0.05), which was significantly reduced by superoxide dismutase (150 U/ml) and sodium salicylate (5 mM). Cotreatment with thalidomide (150 mg.kg(-1).day(-1) for 7 days) also reduced hyperreactivity to phenylephrine induced by isoproterenol. In conclusion, overstimulation of beta-adrenoceptors increased proinflammatory cytokines and upregulated NF-kappaB in the rat aorta. Moreover, local oxidative stress and the proinflammatory state seem to play key roles in the altered vascular reactivity of the rat aorta induced by chronic beta-adrenergic stimulation.