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Clinical safety, tolerance, and plasma levels of the oral anticholinesterase 1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9-aminoacridin-1-oL-maleate (HP 029) in Alzheimer's disease: preliminary findings.

Author(s): Cutler NR, Murphy MF, Nash RJ, Prior PL, De Luna DM

Affiliation(s): California Clinical Trials, Beverly Hills 90211.

Publication date & source: 1990-06, J Clin Pharmacol., 30(6):556-61.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

HP 029 (1,2,3,4-tetrahydro-9-aminoacridin-1-oL-maleate), an oral anticholinesterase, enhances memory in rodents and may be useful in treating Alzheimer's disease (AD). To assess adverse events in relation to dosage and plasma drug levels, 24 hospitalized AD subjects were randomly assigned to receive placebo or HP 029 for 10 days in a double-blind, sequential escalation study. Maximum daily dosages were 450 mg (group 1), 300 mg (group 2), and 225 mg (group 3), divided into three doses per day. The group 1 trial was discontinued on day 5 because one subject, 6 hours following the second of three scheduled 150-mg doses, had a tonic seizure after protracted vomiting and hyperventilation; adverse events in other patients included nausea, vomiting, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, dizziness, and syncope. Adverse events were generally less severe in group 2, but only two of six HP 029 subjects could complete the trial at 300 mg/day. All group 3 subjects completed the trial at 225 mg/day with drug related, mild adverse events (nausea, vomiting, lacrimation, rhinorrhea) in only two subjects. Although mean plasma drug levels were related to adverse events across dosage groups, they did not adequately predict the occurrence or severity of adverse events in individual subjects. The 225 mg/day dose appears to be safe for use in multicenter outpatient trials of HP 029 efficacy in AD. Further patient studies are ongoing to determine the relation of specific subject characteristics to the metabolic profile of HP 029 and biological response.

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