Clinical value of noninducibility by high-dose isoproterenol versus rapid atrial pacing after catheter ablation of paroxysmal atrial fibrillation.
Author(s): Crawford T, Chugh A, Good E, Yoshida K, Jongnarangsin K, Ebinger M, Pelosi F Jr, Bogun F, Morady F, Oral H
Affiliation(s): Division of Cardiovascular Medicine, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Michigan, USA.
Publication date & source: 2010-01, J Cardiovasc Electrophysiol., 21(1):13-20. Epub 2009 Aug 11.
Publication type: Controlled Clinical Trial
BACKGROUND: AF can be induced by RAP or ISO in >85% of patients with PAF. METHODS: ISO was administered in escalating doses of 5, 10, 15, and 20 microg/min in 112 patients (age = 56 +/- 13 years) with PAF before radiofrequency catheter ablation. AF was inducible in 97 of 112 patients (87%) at a mean dose of 15 +/- 5 microg/min. RAP induced AF in the remaining 14 of 15 patients. Antral pulmonary vein (PV) isolation (APVI) was followed by ablation of complex fractionated atrial electrograms (CFAEs) as necessary to terminate AF and render AF noninducible in response to ISO. RESULTS: AF terminated during APVI in 72 of 111 patients (65%) and after APVI plus ablation of CFAEs in 11 of 111 patients (10%). In the remaining 28 patients (25%), sinus rhythm was restored by transthoracic cardioversion. RAP was performed in the last 61 consecutive patients who were rendered noninducible by ISO. RAP initiated AF in 20 of 61 patients (33%) and atrial flutter in 6 patients (10%). No additional ablation was performed if AF was induced with RAP; however, atrial flutter was targeted. At 12 +/- 5 months, 63/75 patients (84%) who were noninducible by ISO and 2 of 8 (25%) who still were reinducible by ISO were free from recurrent AF after a single ablation procedure without antiarrhythmic drugs (P = 0.001). AF recurred in 20 of 36 patients (56%) who required cardioversion for persistent AF after ablation (P < 0.001). Among the 61 patients who also underwent RAP, 12 of 20 (60%) who were, and 31 of 41 (76%) who were not inducible by RAP were free from recurrent AF (P = 0.21). The accuracy of noninducibility as a predictor of clinical outcome was 83% with ISO and 64% by RAP (P = 0.03). CONCLUSIONS: The response to isoproterenol after catheter ablation of PAF more accurately predicts clinical outcome than the response to RAP.