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Infliximab therapy in children with concurrent perianal Crohn disease: observations from REACH.

Author(s): Crandall W, Hyams J, Kugathasan S, Griffiths A, Zrubek J, Olson A, Liu G, Heuschkel R, Markowitz J, Cohen S, Winter H, Veereman-Wauters G, Ferry G, Baldassano RN

Affiliation(s): Nationwide Children's Hospital, Columbus, OH 43205, USA. Wallace.Crandall@NationwideChildrens.org

Publication date & source: 2009-08, J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr., 49(2):183-90.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

OBJECTIVE: Post hoc analyses evaluated the effect of infliximab upon concurrent perianal Crohn disease (CD) in a subpopulation of 31 patients from REACH, a randomized trial of 112 children with moderately to severely active luminal CD. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The Pediatric Crohn Disease Activity Index perirectal subscore was used to assess perianal symptom activity and therapeutic response. Patients with no symptoms or asymptomatic tags received a score of 0; those with "1-2 indolent fistula, scant drainage, no tenderness" received a score of 5; and those with "active fistula, drainage, tenderness or abscess" received a score of 10. Initial perirectal subscores of 10 or 5 decreasing to 0 were considered complete response. Subscores of 10 decreasing to 5 were considered partial response. All patients were followed for efficacy and safety through week 54. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients with baseline perianal disease were randomized at week 10 following a 3-dose infliximab induction regimen. At week 2, 40.9% (9/22) of patients with signs and symptoms of perianal disease at baseline attained response (4 partial and 5 complete). At week 54, 72.7% (16/22) of patients with signs and symptoms of perianal disease attained response (1 partial and 15 complete). Nine patients developed perianal signs and symptoms during treatment; 7 had complete response and 2 had no response at week 54. The incidence of adverse events for patients with perianal symptoms at baseline and for those in the overall REACH population was similar (95.7% vs 94.6%). CONCLUSIONS: Infliximab rapidly reduced concurrent perianal disease signs and symptoms in this REACH cohort.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

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