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The cardiovascular and subjective effects of thyrotropin releasing hormone (TRH) and a stable analogue, dimethyl proline-TRH, in healthy volunteers.

Author(s): Coupland NJ, Bailey JE, Glue P, Nutt DJ

Affiliation(s): University of Bristol Psychopharmacology Unit, School of Medical Sciences, University Walk, UK.

Publication date & source: 1995-09, Br J Clin Pharmacol., 40(3):223-9.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

1. The cardiovascular effects of TRH 0.5 mg and 1 mg and a stable TRH analogue, dimethylproline-TRH (RX77368) 1 mg, infused intravenously over 1 min were assessed in healthy volunteers in two randomised, double-blind, placebo controlled crossover studies. 2. Both doses of TRH produced significant but transient increases in blood pressure (peak delta systolic: 0.5 mg = 9.2 mm Hg, 1.0 mg = 5.2 mm Hg; peak delta diastolic: 0.5 mg = 6.4 mm Hg, 1.0 mg = 5.4 mm Hg). 3. Beat-to-beat Finapres monitoring demonstrated a rapid onset of effects of RX77368 1 mg, with significant blood pressure effects by 45-60 s from the start of the infusion (delta systolic BP: 14.2 mm Hg, delta diastolic BP: 15.8 mm Hg and delta heart rate: 8.9 mm Hg at 60 s). 4. The pressor effects of RX77368 1 mg recorded by Dinamap (peak delta systolic: 14.3 mm Hg; peak delta diastolic: 11.8 mm Hg) were sustained, with diastolic pressure still elevated (delta diastolic: 8.2 mm Hg) at 60 min. Heart rate was more transiently elevated (peak delta heart rate: 9.0 beats min-1) during the first 6 min post infusion. 5. Mild apprehension was reported for the first 6 min after RX77368 1 mg, whereas paraesthesiae were noted after TRH. Otherwise both drugs were similar in the type (flushing, nausea, acid taste, urethral sensations) and duration of subjective effects.

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