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Amphotericin B and lysine acetylsalicylate in the combined treatment of nasal polyposis associated with mycotic infection.

Author(s): Corradini C, Del Ninno M, Buonomo A, Nucera E, Paludetti G, Alonzi C, Sabato V, Schiavino D, Patriarca G

Affiliation(s): ENT Department, Catholic University of the Sacred Hearth, Rome, Italy.

Publication date & source: 2006, J Investig Allergol Clin Immunol., 16(3):188-93.

BACKGROUND: Fungal infection may be secondary to nasal polyposis or represent a real etiopathogenic factor in the infection itself. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of a combined treatment with lysine acetylsalicylate (LAS) and amphotericin B in preventing recurrence in patients with nasal polyposis with accompanying mycotic infection in comparison with a control group with nasal polyposis and fungal infection who did not receive antifungal therapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 115 patients with nasal polyposis were randomly assigned to 4 different groups and treated as follows: (1) group A, 25 patients were first surgically treated and then treated with LAS; (2) group B, 25 patients received 40 mg of triamcinolone retard intramuscularly 3 times every 10 days (total dose 120 mg) and then they were treated with LAS; (3) group C, 16 patients were surgically treated and then treated with LAS and amphotericin B; (4) group D: 23 patients were treated with a medical polypectomy and steroids (as in the group B) and then with LAS and amphotericin B. RESULTS: We found no significant differences between groups C and D, groups C and A, or groups B and D. However, the recurrence of nasal polyps in the groups treated with amphotericin B plus LAS (C and D) was significantly lower (P = .018) than in the 2 groups treated only with LAS (A and B). CONCLUSION: Our results indicate that long term topical treatment with LAS and amphotericin B may be clinically effective in the treatment of patients with nasal polyposis associated with fungal infection.

Page last updated: 2006-11-04

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