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Treatment satisfaction, functional status, and health-related quality of life of migraine patients treated with almotriptan or sumatriptan.

Author(s): Colman SS, Brod MI, Krishnamurthy A, Rowland CR, Jirgens KJ, Gomez-Mancilla B

Affiliation(s): The Lewin Group, San Francisco, California 94107, USA. shoshana.colman@lewin.com

Publication date & source: 2001-01, Clin Ther., 23(1):127-45.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: Patient-reported outcomes, such as treatment satisfaction, functional status, and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) are essential components of migraine research. Almotriptan is a new selective serotonin 1B/1D agonist triptan migraine treatment. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this double-blind, multicenter, randomized, parallel-group study was to compare treatment satisfaction, functional status, and HRQOL of patients treated with oral almotriptan versus sumatriptan, the leading triptan on the market. METHODS: Migraine patients, aged 18 to 71 years, took equivalent oral doses of 12.5 mg almotriptan or 50 mg sumatriptan for the abortive treatment of a migraine headache. Treatment satisfaction differences between study groups were assessed using a 6-item measure to determine patients' satisfaction with pain relief and satisfaction with side effects 48 hours after drug administration. Functional status was assessed by analyzing the change in patients' ability to perform normal activities during the course of the migraine. HRQOL was compared between treatment groups at 24 hours using the Migraine Quality of Life Questionnaire. End points were assessed using entries from patients' 48-hour diaries. RESULTS: A total of 1173 patients were treated with almotriptan or sumatriptan. There were no significant differences between the 2 treatment groups in terms of satisfaction with pain relief; however, patients in the almotriptan group were significantly more satisfied (less bothered) with side effects than those receiving sumatriptan (P = 0.016). Functional status and HRQOL outcomes were not significantly different between groups. CONCLUSIONS: In this study, migraine patients treated with almotriptan were significantly more satisfied with the side-effect profile of the drug than patients treated with sumatriptan. The results of this study may help inform practicing physicians and neurologists about the potential treatment satisfaction advantages of almotriptan.

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