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Isosorbide dinitrate and hydralazine in a fixed-dose combination produces further regression of left ventricular remodeling in a well-treated black population with heart failure: results from A-HeFT.

Author(s): Cohn JN, Tam SW, Anand IS, Taylor AL, Sabolinski ML, Worcel M, A-HeFT Investigators

Affiliation(s): Cardiovascular Division, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, Minnesota 55455, USA.

Publication date & source: 2007-06, J Card Fail., 13(5):331-9.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

BACKGROUND: Isosorbide dinitrate combined with hydralazine therapy compared with placebo in patients with heart failure resulted in a sustained increase in left ventricular (LV) ejection fraction (EF) indicative of regression of LV remodeling in the first Vasodilator-Heart Failure Trial (V-HeFT-I) in patients receiving only digoxin and diuretic. In the African-American Heart Failure Trial (A-HeFT) a fixed-dose combination resulted in a 43% reduction in mortality in 1050 black patients with heart failure already treated with recommended neurohormonal inhibiting drugs. Whether the fixed-dose combination produces a further regression of LV remodeling when added to renin-angiotensin and sympathetic inhibitors has not been documented. METHODS AND RESULTS: Echocardiograms at baseline and 6 months after randomization to placebo or a fixed-dose combination of isosorbide dinitrate/hydralazine (FDC I/H) were analyzed in 678 A-HeFT participants in a core laboratory. LVEF rose by 2.8 EF units in the FDC I/H group versus 0.8% in the control group (P < .01), LV mass index fell by 7.4 g/m2 in the FDC I/H group versus an increase of 1.4 g/m2 in the placebo group (P < .05), LV diastolic transverse diameter fell by 2.2 mm in FDC I/H and was unchanged in placebo (P < .01), and the LV systolic and diastolic sphericity indices improved in the FDC I/H group but remained unchanged in the placebo group. The mean plasma B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) also measured in a core laboratory fell in the FDC I/H group by 39 pg/mL compared with 8 pg/mL in the placebo group (P = .05). CONCLUSIONS: A fixed-dose combination of I/H produces regression of LV remodeling when added to background therapy with renin-angiotensin and sympathetic inhibitors in black patients with heart failure. This remodeling benefit may explain at least in part the mortality reduction in A-HeFT.

Page last updated: 2007-08-04

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