Small bowel preparations for capsule endoscopy with mannitol and simethicone: a prospective, randomized, clinical trial.
Author(s): Chen HB, Huang Y, Chen SY, Song HW, Li XL, Dai DL, Xie JT, He S, Zhao YY, Huang C, Zhang SJ, Yang LN
Affiliation(s): Department of Gastroenterology, Sanming First Affiliated Hospital of Fujian Medical University, Sanming, China. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2011-04, J Clin Gastroenterol., 45(4):337-41.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: There is no consensus concerning small bowel preparation before capsule endoscopy (CE). This study evaluated the effects of 4 regimens on small bowel cleansing and diagnostic yield. METHODS: Patients were randomly divided into 4 groups. Group A consumed a clear liquid diet after lunch on the day before CE, followed by overnight fasting. Group B took 250 mL 20% mannitol and 1 L 0.9% saline orally at 05:00 hours on the day of the procedure. In group C, the same regimen was taken at 20:00 hours on the day before and at 05:00 hours on the day of CE. In group D, in addition to the group C regimen, 20 mL oral simethicone was taken 30 minutes before CE. RESULTS: Two hundred patients were prospectively enrolled, and 7 were excluded from the final analysis because of incomplete small bowel transit. No significant difference was noted among the 4 groups for small bowel transit time. Bowel preparation in group D was significantly better than for the other regimens for overall cleansing of the proximal small bowel, and showed improved overall cleansing of the distal small bowel when compared with 10-hours overnight fasting. Pathological lesions of the proximal and distal small bowel were, respectively, achieved in 82 and 74 patients, mostly distributed in group D. CONCLUSIONS: Small bowel preparation that involves split-dose oral mannitol plus single-dose simethicone for CE can improve mucosal visualization and subsequent diagnostic yield when compared with 10-hours overnight fasting.