Sublingual hyoscyamine spray as premedication for colonoscopy: a randomized double-blinded placebo-controlled trial.
Author(s): Chaptini LA, Janec EM, Seltzer G, Peikin S, Elfant AB
Affiliation(s): Division of Gastroenterology and Liver Diseases, Robert Wood Johnson Medical School, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey, Cooper University Hospital, Camden, NJ 08103, USA. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2008-07, Am J Surg., 196(1):51-5. Epub 2008 Apr 24.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial
BACKGROUND: Colonic motility and spasm during colonoscopy may affect duration and quality of the examination as well as patient comfort during and after the procedure. Previous studies assessing the utility of antispasmodic agents in colonoscopy demonstrated conflicting results. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of sublingual hyoscyamine spray (IB-Stat, Inkine Pharmaceutical) on the performance of colonoscopy. METHODS: One hundred patients undergoing elective colonoscopy were randomized in a double-blind study to receive .25 mg sublingual hyoscyamine spray (n = 50: 25 men and 25 women, mean age 60) or placebo spray (n = 50: 23 men and 27 women, mean age 56) 15 to 30 minutes before the procedure. Parameters measured included time required to reach the cecum, total procedure time, endoscopist perception of colonic motility and difficulty of the procedure, and patient assessment of discomfort after the procedure. The latter parameters were measured using a 100-mm visual analog scale. A single endoscopist performed all of the procedures. RESULTS: After adjustment for age, procedural difficulty scores and colonic motility scores were significantly lower in the hyoscyamine group compared with placebo (differences of 5.589 mm [P = .047] and 5.685 mm [P = .040], respectively). Mean time to cecal intubation and percentage of patients with discomfort were slightly lower in the hyoscyamine group (5.68 minutes/48%) compared with placebo (5.92 minutes/57.1%), although the differences were not statistically significant (P = .57 and P = .36, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: Procedural difficulty and colonic motility scores were significantly lower in subjects who received sublingual hyoscyamine before colonoscopy.