Analgesic efficacy of rofecoxib compared with codeine/acetaminophen using a model of acute dental pain.
Author(s): Chang DJ, Bird SR, Bohidar NR, King T
Affiliation(s): Clinical Development, Merck & Co, Inc, West Point, Pennsylvania, USA.
Publication date & source: 2005-10, Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol Endod., 100(4):e74-80.
OBJECTIVE: To determine analgesic efficacy of a single oral dose of rofecoxib 50 mg compared with acetaminophen/codeine 600/60 mg, we conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo- and active-comparator-controlled, parallel-group study. STUDY DESIGN: Patients (N = 390) experiencing moderate or severe pain postextraction of 2 or more third molars, with at least 1 mandibular impaction, were randomized to placebo (n = 30), rofecoxib (n = 180), or codeine/acetaminophen 60/600 mg (n = 180). Time to confirmed perceptible pain relief, and patient evaluations of pain intensity, pain relief, and global assessments were recorded. RESULTS: For total pain relief over 6 hours (primary end point), rofecoxib was superior to codeine/acetaminophen (15.5 vs 10.7; P < .001). Rofecoxib was statistically significantly superior to codeine/acetaminophen with respect to TOPAR4, patient global assessment, peak pain relief, and duration of analgesic effect. Median onset of analgesia was similar for both drugs. The codeine/acetaminophen group had more patients with 1 or more adverse events. CONCLUSION: Rofecoxib provided superior analgesic efficacy compared with codeine/acetaminophen with fewer gastrointestinal and nervous system adverse events.