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A single-blind, comparative study of zotepine versus haloperidol in combination with a mood stabilizer for patients with moderate-to-severe mania.

Author(s): Chan HY, Jou SH, Juang YY, Chang CJ, Chen JJ, Chen CH, Chiu NY.

Affiliation(s): General Psychiatry, Taoyuan Mental Hospital, Taoyuan, Taiwan.

Publication date & source: 2010, Psychiatry Clin Neurosci. , 64(2):162-9

AIMS: Atypical antipsychotics are increasingly used in the management of acute mania. This study was conducted to investigate the efficacy and tolerability of zotepine compared to haloperidol in combination with a mood stabilizer (lithium or valproate) for treatment of acute mania. METHODS: This was a multi-center, randomized, rater-blinded, parallel-group, flexible-dose study. Forty-five hospitalized patients with moderate-to-severe manic, bipolar disorder (DSM-IV) were randomly assigned to a zotepine or a haloperidol 4-week treatment group. RESULTS: There was no significant between-group difference in the Young Mania Rating Scale total scores between the zotepine and haloperidol groups (-23.7 + or - 12.1 vs -22.3 + or - 11.0, respectively). The adverse events in both groups were mild to moderate. The haloperidol group reported a higher incidence of treatment-related adverse events, especially parkinsonism and akathisia, compared to the zotepine group. Serum uric acid decreased more in the zotepine group than in the haloperidol group. CONCLUSION: In combination with a mood stabilizer, zotepine appears to be as effective as haloperidol in treating moderate-to-severe mania in the acute phase, but has the advantages of lowering hyperuricemia and fewer extrapyramidal side-effects. Double-blinded studies with larger sample sizes are warranted to confirm these findings.

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