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Improved survival with bisoprolol in patients with heart failure and renal impairment: an analysis of the cardiac insufficiency bisoprolol study II (CIBIS-II) trial.

Author(s): Castagno D, Jhund PS, McMurray JJ, Lewsey JD, Erdmann E, Zannad F, Remme WJ, Lopez-Sendon JL, Lechat P, Follath F, Hoglund C, Mareev V, Sadowski Z, Seabra-Gomes RJ, Dargie HJ

Affiliation(s): Cardiology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Turin, Turin, Italy.

Publication date & source: 2010-06, Eur J Heart Fail., 12(6):607-16. Epub 2010 Mar 30.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial

AIMS: Information on the effectiveness of beta-blockade in patients with heart failure (HF) and concomitant renal impairment is scarce and beta-blockers are underutilized in these patients. METHODS AND RESULTS: The Cockcroft-Gault formula normalized for body surface-area was used to estimate renal function (eGFR(BSA)) in 2622 patients with HF, left ventricular ejection fraction < or =35%, New York Heart Association class III/IV and serum creatinine <300 micromol/L (3.4 mg/dL) in the second Cardiac Insufficiency Bisoprolol Study II. Patients were divided into four sub-groups according to baseline eGFR(BSA) (<45, 45-60, 60-75 and > or =75 mL/min per 1.73 m(2)). Cox proportional-hazards models adjusted for pre-specified confounders were used to assess the effect of bisoprolol and potential heterogeneity of effect across the eGFR(BSA) sub-groups. Older age, female-sex, diabetes and ischaemic-aetiology were more common in those with reduced eGFR(BSA). The hazard associated with bisoprolol use for all-cause mortality, the composite of all-cause mortality or HF-hospitalization and HF-hospitalization alone was consistently <1.0 across eGFR(BSA) categories with no treatment by renal-function interaction (P = 0.81, P = 0.66, P = 0.71, respectively). The rate of bisoprolol discontinuation was higher in patients with eGFR(BSA) < 45 mL/min per 1.73 m(2). Nevertheless the absolute benefit of bisoprolol was greater for patients with chronic kidney disease compared with those without. CONCLUSION: The beneficial effects of bisoprolol on mortality and hospitalization for worsening heart-failure were not modified by baseline eGFR(BSA). Renal impairment should not prevent the use of bisoprolol in patients with HF.

Page last updated: 2010-10-05

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