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Extended release metformin for metabolic control assistance during prolonged clozapine administration: a 14 week, double-blind, parallel group, placebo-controlled study.

Author(s): Carrizo E, Fernandez V, Connell L, Sandia I, Prieto D, Mogollon J, Valbuena D, Fernandez I, de Baptista EA, Baptista T

Affiliation(s): Institute of Clinical Research Dr. Americo Negrette, Zulia University Medical School, Maracaibo, Venezuela.

Publication date & source: 2009-08, Schizophr Res., 113(1):19-26. Epub 2009 Jun 9.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

BACKGROUND: Clozapine is the most effective agent in treatment-resistant schizophrenia. However, it is frequently associated with excessive body weight (BW) gain, type 2 diabetes mellitus and hyperlipidemia. The antidiabetic metformin (MET) has proved effective to assist in BW control during olanzapine administration. Therefore, we aimed to test whether MET may improve the metabolic profile in patients under prolonged clozapine administration. METHODS: In a double-blind, parallel group protocol, 61 patients (94.4% with schizophrenia) receiving clozapine (196.8+/-132 mg daily, range: 25-500) for more than 3 consecutive months (86.5+/-40.6 months, range: 4-168) were randomly allocated to extended release MET (n=31; 500 to 1000 mg daily) or placebo (n=30) group for 14 weeks. The BW, the body mass index, waist circumference, serum glucose, insulin, lipids, glycated hemoglobin (HBA1c), leptin and cortisol, and the HOMA-IR index were assessed at baseline, and weeks 7 and 14. RESULTS: MET was well tolerated and the mental state was not impaired during the study. The protocol was completed by all the placebo subjects and by 24 MET-treated patients. In a complete analysis at week 14, without including data of the 7 dropouts, the MET group lost -1.87+/-2.9 kg, whereas the placebo group had a stable BW: 0.16+/-2.9 kg, p=0.01 for the between group comparisons (effect size: 0.70). Leptin levels also tended to decrease after MET (p=0.08). Insulin and the triglyceride-HDL-C ratio significantly decreased (p<0.05, effect size 0.59 and 1.99 respectively) and the HDL-C significantly increased (p=0.001, effect size 0.95) after MET. CONCLUSIONS: MET improves metabolic control during prolonged clozapine administration.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

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