The effects of polyethylene glycosylated creatine supplementation on muscular strength and power.
Author(s): Camic CL, Hendrix CR, Housh TJ, Zuniga JM, Mielke M, Johnson GO, Schmidt RJ, Housh DJ
Affiliation(s): Department of Nutrition and Health Sciences, Human Performance Laboratory, University of Nebraska-Lincoln, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2010-12, J Strength Cond Res., 24(12):3343-51.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
The purpose of the present investigation was to examine the effects of 28 days of polyethylene glycosylated creatine (PEG-creatine) supplementation on 1-repetition maximum bench press (1RMBP) and leg extension (1RMLE), mean power (MP), and peak power (PP) from the Wingate Anaerobic test and body weight (BW). This study used a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel design. Twenty-two untrained men (mean age +/- SD = 22.1 +/- 2.1 years) were randomly assigned to either a Creatine (n = 10) or Placebo (n = 12) group. The Creatine group ingested PEG-creatine (5 g.d), whereas the Placebo group ingested maltodextrin powder (5 g.d). All subjects performed bench press and bilateral leg extension exercises to determine their 1RM values, and 2 consecutive Wingate Anaerobic Tests (separated by 7 minutes) on a cycle ergometer to determine MP and PP before supplementation (day 0) and after 7 (day 7) and 28 (day 28) days of supplementation. The results indicated that there was a significant (p < 0.05) increase in 1RMBP between days 0 and 28 for the Creatine group but not for the Placebo group. There were no significant changes, however, in 1RMLE, MP, PP, or BW for the Creatine or Placebo group. These findings indicated that 28 days of PEG-creatine supplementation without resistance training increased upper body strength but not lower body strength or muscular power. These findings supported the use of the PEG-creatine supplement for increasing 1RMBP strength in untrained individuals.