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Effects of enteral feeding on the oral bioavailability of moxifloxacin in healthy volunteers.

Author(s): Burkhardt O, Stass H, Thuss U, Borner K, Welte T

Affiliation(s): Department of Pulmonary and Critical Care Medicine, University Otto-von Guericke, Magdeburg, Germany.olafburkhardt@web.de

Publication date & source: 2005, Clin Pharmacokinet., 44(9):969-76.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Moxifloxacin is a new generation fluoroquinolone antimicrobial agent used worldwide. In clinical practice in intensive care units, moxifloxacin may be frequently administered through a nasogastric feeding tube. In the absence of an oral liquid formulation and since the multivalent cations contained in enteral feeds may potentially impair absorption of moxifloxacin administered via this route, we studied the effect of concomitant enteral feeding on the pharmacokinetics and tolerability of moxifloxacin administered as a crushed tablet through the nasogastric tube. PARTICIPANTS AND METHODS: This was a single-centre, open-label, randomised, controlled, nonblinded, three-way crossover study. Twelve young healthy volunteers (nine females and three males) aged 20-42 years were included in the study. Each participant received three separate treatment regimens in a randomised fashion: an intact moxifloxacin 400 mg tablet (regimen A, reference treatment), a crushed moxifloxacin 400 mg tablet as a suspension through a nasogastric tube with water (regimen B) and a crushed moxifloxacin 400 mg tablet as a suspension through a nasogastric tube with enteral feeding (regimen C). A washout period of 1-week followed each treatment. Concentrations of moxifloxacin in serum were measured by a validated high-performance liquid chromatography method. Pharmacokinetic parameters were calculated by noncompartmental methods. Additionally, the primary parameters indicative for changes in absorption (area under the serum concentration-time curve from time zero to infinity [AUC(infinity)] and peak serum concentration [C(max)]), were tested for bioequivalence, assuming log-normally distributed data using ANOVA. RESULTS: All moxifloxacin treatment regimens were well tolerated. The AUC(infinity) was slightly, but not statistically significantly, decreased in treatments with regimens B and C. AUC(infinity) (geometric means 39.6 [regimen A] vs 36.1 [regimen B] vs 36.1 mg.h/L [regimen C] and point estimates 91% for B : A and C : A) indicated bioequivalence of the treatments. Bioequivalence criteria of AUC(infinity) and C(max) were met upon retrospective statistical analysis. Likewise C(max) after moxifloxacin administration through nasogastric tube with water (regimen B) and with tube feed (regimen C) were slightly decreased (geometric means 3.20 [regimen A] vs 3.05 [regimen B] vs 2.83 mg/L [regimen C]; point estimates 88% for B : A, and 95% for C : A). They were within the range seen in other studies conducted with oral administration of the drug. No statistically significant differences were observed in time to reach C(max) (t(max); median 1.75 [regimen A] vs 1.00 [regimen B] vs 1.75 hours [regimen C]). Thus, the rate of absorption of moxifloxacin was not affected by administration through a nasogastric tube. This route of ingestion seems to be associated with a slight loss of bioavailability independent of the carrier medium used (water vs enteral feed); no clinically relevant interaction with the multivalent cations contained in the enteral feed was observed, indicating that moxifloxacin and enteral nutrition can be administered concomitantly. CONCLUSION: There was no clinically relevant effect of enteral feeding on the pharmacokinetics of oral moxifloxacin in healthy volunteers. This result has to be evaluated in patients, particularly those from the intensive care unit, who are characterised by severe infectious and/or concomitant diseases that might influence absorption of moxifloxacin.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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