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Beta 2-adrenoceptor-mediated intrinsic sympathomimetic activity of carteolol: an in vivo study.

Author(s): Bruck H, Poller U, Lussenhop H, Ponicke K, Temme T, Heusch G, Philipp T, Brodde OE

Affiliation(s): Department of Nephrology, University of Essen Medical School, 45147 Essen, Germany.

Publication date & source: 2004-11, Naunyn Schmiedebergs Arch Pharmacol., 370(5):361-8. Epub 2004 Oct 23.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

The intrinsic sympathomimetic activity (ISA) of a beta-adrenoceptor blocker can be mediated by beta(1)- or beta(2)-adrenoceptors. The aim of this study was to characterize the ISA of the beta-adrenoceptor blocker carteolol in healthy volunteers. Two approaches were employed. First, we assessed the effects of carteolol (20, 40 or 80 mg p.o.) on blood pressure, heart rate and heart-rate corrected duration of electromechanical systole (QS(2)c, a measure of cardiac contractility) in the volunteers. Carteolol dose-dependently increased systolic blood pressure, heart rate and contractility and decreased diastolic blood pressure. The beta(1)-adrenoceptor blocker bisoprolol did not attenuate these carteolol effects, but rather enhanced the effects on heart rate and systolic blood pressure. Second, we treated volunteers for 7 days with 1 x 20 mg/day carteolol and assessed lymphocyte beta(2)-adrenoceptor density (by (-)-[(125)I]-iodocyanopindolol binding) and functional responsiveness (by 10 muM isoprenaline-induced increase in lymphocyte cyclic AMP content). Carteolol significantly reduced lymphocyte beta(2)-adrenoceptor density and function. After withdrawal of carteolol lymphocyte beta(2)-adrenoceptor density and function recovered only very slowly and had not returned to control levels 11 days after carteolol withdrawal. In conclusion, the fact that, on the one hand, the cardiovascular effects of carteolol were not attenuated by the beta(1)-adrenoceptor blocker bisoprolol and, on the other, carteolol significantly decreased lymphocyte beta(2)-adrenoceptor density and function is in favour of the idea that the ISA of carteolol is mediated by beta(2)-adrenoceptors. Involvement of an additional receptor site (e.g. the propranolol-resistant state of the beta(1)-adrenoceptor), however, cannot be excluded.

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