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Influence of transdermal rotigotine on ovulation suppression by a combined oral contraceptive.

Author(s): Braun M, Elshoff JP, Andreas JO, Muller LI, Horstmann R

Affiliation(s): Schwarz Biosciences GmbH, UCB-Group, Monheim am Rhein, Germany. Marina.Braun@ucb.com

Publication date & source: 2009-09, Br J Clin Pharmacol., 68(3):386-94.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

AIMS: To assess the influence of the transdermally applied dopamine agonist rotigotine on ovulation suppression by a combined oral contraceptive (0.03 mg ethinyloestradiol and 0.15 mg levonorgestrel) in a randomized, double-blind crossover study in 40 healthy females. METHODS: Treatment A consisted of the combined oral contraceptive for 28 days plus rotigotine for the first 13 days (2 mg (24 h)(-1) on days 1-3, 3 mg (24 h)(-1) maintenance dose thereafter). During treatment B, subjects received matching placebo patches instead of rotigotine. Pharmacodynamic parameters (progesterone, oestradiol, luteinizing hormone, and follicle stimulating hormone serum concentrations), pharmacokinetic parameters for ethinyloestradiol/levonorgestrel and rotigotine, and safety and tolerability of the treatment were assessed. RESULTS: Progesterone serum concentrations remained below 2 ng ml(-1) in all subjects during the luteal phase. Median serum concentrations of all other pharmacodynamic parameters were similar during both treatments. Pharmacokinetic parameters C(max,ss) and AUC(0,24 h)(ss) at steady state were similar with or without co-administration of rotigotine for both ethinyloestradiol and levonorgestrel with geometric mean ratios close to 1 and 90% confidence intervals within the acceptance range of bioequivalence (0.8, 1.25): C(max,ss) 1.05 (0.93, 1.19), AUC(0,24 h)(ss) 1.05 (0.9, 1.22) for ethinyloestradiol; C(max,ss) 1.01 (0.96, 1.06), AUC(0,24 h)(ss) 0.98 (0.95, 1.01) for levonorgestrel. Mean plasma concentrations of unconjugated rotigotine remained stable throughout the patch-on period (day 13). CONCLUSIONS: Concomitant administration of 3 mg (24 h)(-1) transdermal rotigotine had no impact on the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of a combined oral contraceptive containing 0.03 mg ethinyloestradiol and 0.15 mg levonorgestrel, suggesting that the dopamine agonist does not influence contraception efficacy.

Page last updated: 2009-10-20

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