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Effects of different progestin regimens in hormone replacement therapy on blood coagulation factor VII and tissue factor pathway inhibitor.

Author(s): Bladbjerg EM, Skouby SO, Andersen LF, Jespersen J

Affiliation(s): Department for Thrombosis Research, University of Southern Denmark, Denmark. emb@ribeamt.dk

Publication date & source: 2002-12, Hum Reprod., 17(12):3235-41.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Randomized Controlled Trial

BACKGROUND: Long-term hormone replacement therapy (HRT) reduces cardiovascular risk, but an early increased risk was reported in women with coronary heart disease. In such women the arterial intima can express tissue factor, and changes in coagulation factor VII (factor VII) and tissue factor pathway inhibitor (TFPI) may be deleterious. METHODS: We measured factor VII clotting activity, activated factor VII, and concentrations of factor VII and TFPI during 12 months in healthy post-menopausal women randomized to: (i). cyclic oral estrogen/progestin (n = 25); (ii). long-cycle oral estrogen/quarterly progestin (n = 32); (iii). continuous oral estrogen/progestin (n = 21); (iv). continuous oral estrogen/intrauterine progestin (n = 22); (v). no HRT (n = 26). Blood was collected at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months. Additional sampling was done before progestin intake in the long cycle group. RESULTS: No variations were observed in the reference group. There was a substantial decrease in TFPI concentrations in the HRT groups irrespective of the type of progestin. In women receiving long-cycle treatment, all factor VII measures increased during the unopposed estrogen periods, and the increase was reversed after progestin intake. The integrated response, AUC, for TFPI was significantly lower in the HRT groups compared with the reference group. CONCLUSION: The observed changes may increase the early thrombotic risk associated with HRT use.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

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