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Comparative efficacy of inhaled albuterol between two hand-held delivery devices in horses with recurrent airway obstruction.

Author(s): Bertin FR, Ivester KM, Couetil LL

Affiliation(s): Department of Veterinary Clinical Sciences, School of Veterinary Medicine, Purdue University, Indiana, USA.

Publication date & source: 2011-07, Equine Vet J., 43(4):393-8. Epub 2011 Mar 11.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

REASONS FOR PERFORMING STUDY: Studies investigating the clinical efficacy of albuterol administered with the same propellant and commercially available delivery devices in horses with recurrent airway obstruction (RAO) are not currently available. OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of aerosolised albuterol administered to horses with RAO by means of 2 commercially available, hand-held delivery devices. METHODS: Ten horses with RAO were kept in a dusty environment and fed mouldy hay to induce airway obstruction. Lung mechanics were measured before and after the procedure. DeltaP(max) was measured 5 min after administration of 180 microg of albuterol from a pressurised metered dose inhaler, using an aerosol delivery device chosen randomly. This process was repeated every 5 min until maximal bronchodilation was achieved. After a 24 h washout period, lung mechanics data were again collected using the other aerosol delivery device. RESULTS: Aerosolised albuterol induced a significant and rapid bronchodilation in the horses using both aerosol delivery devices. No statistically significant difference in pulmonary function was observed in response to albuterol therapy between the 2 devices. The dose required to achieve 50% of maximal bronchodilation was not statistically different between the 2 devices (173.35 +/- 78.35 microg with Device 1 and 228.49 +/- 144.99 microg with Device 2, P = 0.26). The decrease in lung resistance tended to be more pronounced after albuterol administration with Device 1 (P = 0.066). CONCLUSIONS: Aerosolised albuterol is an effective bronchodilator in horses with recurrent airway obstruction. There is no statistically significant difference between the 2 commercially available aerosol delivery devices in terms of efficacy. POTENTIAL RELEVANCE: Aerosolised albuterol is effectively delivered using currently available devices leading to maximal bronchodilation in horses with RAO at an average dose of 540 microg. (c) 2011 EVJ Ltd.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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