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Absolute bioavailability of sitagliptin, an oral dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, in healthy volunteers.

Author(s): Bergman A, Ebel D, Liu F, Stone J, Wang A, Zeng W, Chen L, Dilzer S, Lasseter K, Herman G, Wagner J, Krishna R

Affiliation(s): Merck & Co Inc, Whitehouse Station, NJ 07065, USA.

Publication date & source: 2007-09, Biopharm Drug Dispos., 28(6):315-22.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

The purpose of this study was to determine the absolute bioavailability of sitagliptin, an orally active, potent and highly selective dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor recently approved in the United States for the treatment of type 2 diabetes. The effect of a high fat meal on sitagliptin pharmacokinetics was also assessed. The study was performed in two parts. Intravenous doses (2 h infusion) of 25, 50 and 100 mg were administered double-blind to 10 (8 active, 2 placebo) subjects in a fixed-sequence manner in Part I. In Part II, 12 subjects were randomized to each of three open-label treatments: an intravenous 100 mg dose; a single oral 100 mg final market image tablet administered following a high fat meal and a single oral 100 mg final market image tablet administered fasted. Following each dose, plasma and urine were collected at pre-specified times for evaluation of sitagliptin pharmacokinetics. All doses were generally well tolerated in both parts of the study. Following rising intravenous doses of sitagliptin, AUC(0-infinity) increased dose-proportionally, indicating that plasma clearance is independent of dose over the dose range evaluated. Renal clearance of unchanged sitagliptin accounted for approximately 70% of the total plasma clearance of sitagliptin, indicating that sitagliptin is primarily cleared via renal excretion. Averaged across doses, the mean total plasma clearance was 416 ml/min. The mean absolute bioavailability of sitagliptin was 87% with a 90% CI of (81%, 93%). The AUC(0-infinity) and C(max) geometric mean ratios (fed/fasted) and 90% CIs were 1.03 (0.97, 1.11) and 0.94 (0.86, 1.03), respectively, and were contained within the bounds of (0.80, 1.25). Additionally, the high-fat meal had no significant effect on T(max) or apparent terminal t(1/2). Thus, food does not affect the pharmacokinetics of sitagliptin and therefore can be administered without regard to food. Copyright (c) 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

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