A phase I/II study of arsenic trioxide/bortezomib/ascorbic acid combination therapy for the treatment of relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma.
Author(s): Berenson JR, Matous J, Swift RA, Mapes R, Morrison B, Yeh HS
Affiliation(s): Institute for Myeloma and Bone Cancer Research and Oncotherapeutics Inc, West Hollywood, CA 90069, USA. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2007-03-15, Clin Cancer Res., 13(6):1762-8.
Publication type: Clinical Trial, Phase I; Clinical Trial, Phase II; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
PURPOSE: This multicenter, open-label, phase I/II dose escalation study assessed the safety/tolerability and initial efficacy of arsenic trioxide/bortezomib/ascorbic acid (ABC) combination therapy in patients with relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: Enrolled in six cohorts, patients were given arsenic trioxide (0.125 or 0.250 mg/kg), bortezomib (0.7, 1.0, or 1.3 mg/m(2)), and a fixed dose of ascorbic acid (1 g) i.v. on days 1, 4, 8, and 11 of a 21-day cycle for a maximum of eight cycles. The primary end point was safety/tolerability of the ABC regimen. RESULTS: Twenty-two patients (median age, 63 years) were enrolled, having failed a median of 4 (range, 3-9) prior therapies. One occurrence of grade 4 thrombocytopenia was observed. One patient had asymptomatic arrhythmia and withdrew from the study. Objective responses were observed in 6 (27%) patients, including two partial responses and four minor responses. Median progression-free survival was 5 months (95% confidence interval, 2-9 months), and median overall survival had not been reached. The 12-month progression-free survival and overall survival rates were 34% and 74%, respectively. One (minor response) of six patients receiving the lowest dose of bortezomib (0.7 mg/m(2)) and 5 (2 partial responses and 3 minor responses) of 16 patients receiving the higher doses (1.0 or 1.3 mg/m(2)) responded. CONCLUSIONS: The ABC regimen was well tolerated by most patients, and it produced preliminary signs of efficacy with an objective response rate of 27% in this heavily pretreated study population. These findings warrant further clinical evaluation of the ABC combination for treatment of relapsed/refractory multiple myeloma.