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Comparison of long-term (10 years) immunogenicity of two- and three-dose regimens of a combined hepatitis A and B vaccine in adolescents.

Author(s): Beran J, Kervyn D, Wertzova V, Hobzova L, Tichy P, Kuriyakose S, Leyssen M, Jacquet JM

Affiliation(s): Vaccination and Travel Medicine Centre, Bratri Stefanu 895, 500 03 Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. jiri.beran@vakcinace.cz

Publication date & source: 2010-08-23, Vaccine., 28(37):5993-7. Epub 2010 Jul 15.

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

300 adolescents aged 12-15 years were randomised (1:1) into two groups to compare the long-term (10 years) immunogenicity profile of two doses of an Adult formulation [Group HAB_2D: 150; 0-6 months] vs. three doses of a Paediatric formulation [Group HAB_3D: 150; 0-1-6 months] of a combined hepatitis A and B (HAB) vaccine. At Year 10, anti-HAV seropositivity rate was 100% in both groups, while 85.9% and 85.1% subjects in the HAB_2D and HAB_3D groups, respectively, had anti-HBs antibody concentrations > or =10 mIU/mL. The anti-HAV antibody GMCs (HAB_2D: 429.3 mIU/mL; HAB_3D: 335.5 mIU/mL) and anti-HBs antibody GMCs (HAB_2D: 50.6 mIU/mL; HAB_3D: 60.1 mIU/mL) were similar in both groups. No vaccine-related serious adverse events were reported. Hence, with respect to long-term antibody persistence, the two-dose schedule of the combined HAB vaccine Adult formulation is an effective alternative to the conventional three-dose schedule of the Paediatric formulation in adolescents. Copyright 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

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