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In-vitro evaluation of various treatments to prevent demineralization next to orthodontic brackets.

Author(s): Behnan SM, Arruda AO, Gonzalez-Cabezas C, Sohn W, Peters MC

Affiliation(s): Department of Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, Mich, USA.

Publication date & source: 2010-12, Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop., 138(6):712.e1-7

Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

INTRODUCTION: One common negative side effect of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances is the development of incipient caries lesions around brackets, particularly in patients with poor oral hygiene. Bio-available minerals from cement containing amorphous calcium phosphate (ACP) might facilitate remineralization and inhibit lesion development. Our objective was to compare the potential of ACP-containing resin cement, fluoride varnish, resin sealer, and MI Paste (GC America, Alsip, Ill) under similar in-vitro conditions to prevent incipient caries lesions next to brackets on teeth. METHODS: One hundred extracted premolars were randomly allocated to 5 groups (n = 20). Brackets were bonded with ACP cement (Aegis-Ortho, Bosworth, Skokie, Ill), resin (Transbond XT [3M Unitek, Monrovia, Calif], control), or resin followed by application of fluoride varnish (Vanish, 3M, St Paul, Minn), resin sealer (Pro-seal, Reliance Orthodontic Products, Itasca, Ill), or casein phosphopeptide-ACP paste (MI Paste). All groups were cycled for 15 days in demineralization solution for 8 hours a day, rinsed, placed in artificial saliva (30 minutes), brushed, and stored overnight in artificial saliva. The extent of demineralization in each group was assessed by using quantitative light-induced fluorescence and confocal laser scanning microscopy. RESULTS: Only the Pro-seal and Vanish groups showed significantly smaller lesions than the controls (Kruskal-Wallis test, P <0.05) for both quantitative light-induced fluorescence and confocal laser scanning microscopy measurements. Fluorescence loss of Aegis-Ortho was similar to Vanish; Aegis-Ortho, MI Paste, and the controls were not different from each other. CONCLUSIONS: Both light-cured filled resin (Pro-seal) and fluoride varnish (Vanish) might prevent enamel demineralization next to orthodontic brackets exposed to cariogenic conditions, but the observed positive effects of Aegis-Ortho and MI Paste were not significant. Copyright (c) 2010 American Association of Orthodontists. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

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