A randomized phase II trial evaluating safety and efficacy of an experimental chemotherapy regimen (irinotecan + oxaliplatin, IRINOX) and two standard arms (LV5 FU2 + irinotecan or LV5 FU2 + oxaliplatin) in first-line metastatic colorectal cancer: a study of the Digestive Group of the Federation Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer.
Author(s): Becouarn Y, Senesse P, Thezenas S, Boucher E, Adenis A, Cany L, Jacob JH, Cvitkovic F, Montoto-Grillot C, Ychou M, Digestive Group of the Federation Nationale des Centres de Lutte Contre le Cancer
Affiliation(s): Department of Digestive Oncology, Institut Bergonie, Regional Cancer Center, Bordeaux, France. firstname.lastname@example.org
Publication date & source: 2007-12, Ann Oncol., 18(12):2000-5. Epub 2007 Sep 4.
Publication type: Clinical Trial, Phase II; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
BACKGROUND: To assess activity and safety of an experimental combination of irinotecan and oxaliplatin (IRINOX) as first-line treatment in advanced colorectal cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS: In this randomized phase II trial, 80 patients were treated: arm A (IRINOX) in 40 patients received at day 1 oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) and irinotecan 180 mg/m(2) biweekly, standard arm B received a biweekly simplified folinic acid (FA) and fluorouracil (FU), FA 200 mg/m(2) in a 2-h infusion and bolus injection of 5FU 400 mg/m(2) on day 1, then a two 400 mg/m(2) continuous infusion of FU on days 1 and 2 with either oxaliplatin 85 mg/m(2) (20 patients) or irinotecan 180 mg/m(2) (20 patients). RESULTS: Twenty-one partial responses (52.5%, median duration 7.2 months) were observed with the IRINOX arm and two complete and 20 partial responses (55%, median duration 6.4 months) with arm B. Median progression-free and overall survival times were 8.4 and 19 months, respectively, in the IRINOX arm and 8.1 and 20.4 months in arm B. Main grade 3/4 toxic effects were, respectively, neutropenia 42.5% and 32.5%; febrile neutropenia 10% and 5%; diarrhea 32.5% and 7.5%; vomiting 10.0% and 5%; neurosensory toxicity 17.5% and 7.5%. CONCLUSION: The IRINOX arm has a manageable toxicity and is active.