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Profile of past and current clinical trials involving endothelin receptor antagonists: the novel "-sentan" class of drug.

Author(s): Battistini B, Berthiaume N, Kelland NF, Webb DJ, Kohan DE

Affiliation(s): Laval Hospital Research Center, Quebec Heart and Lung Institute, Department of Medicine, Laval University, Sainte-Foy, Canada. bruno.battistini@med.ulaval.ca

Publication date & source: 2006-06, Exp Biol Med (Maywood)., 231(6):653-95.

Publication type: Review

Since its initial characterization in 1988, over 18,236 papers, including 2,485 reviews, have been published in the endothelin (ET) field. Over this period, several generations of selective and mixed (dual) ET receptor antagonists (ERAs), from peptidic backbones to orally active potent (subnanomolar) small molecular compounds, have been developed. These agents have been studied in many experimental animal models of various pathological conditions (cardiovascular, respiratory, and neuro-immunological). Continued basic research has led to a better understanding of the complex interactions between the ET axis and other biologic systems in human pathophysiology. The first clinical trial involved patients with idiopathic pulmonary arterial hypertension and led to approval of bosentan (Tracleer) for use in the United States and Europe in 2002. Since then, bosentan, the only currently approved dual (mixed) ERA, has been used in numerous other clinical trials. In addition, more selective ET(A) receptor antagonists (ambrisentan, atrasentan, avosentan, clazosentan, darusentan, and sitaxsentan) are undergoing clinical trials. Here we outline the ERAs undergoing development and summarize the standing of completed and ongoing trials at the time of the Ninth International Conference on Endothelin and even thereafter. This review is intended to provide a useful reference for those interested in the current state of clinical trials involving ERAs, and to identify lessons that might apply to the design of future trials.

Page last updated: 2006-11-04

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