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Two structurally different T-type Ca 2+ channel inhibitors, mibefradil and pimozide, protect CA1 neurons from delayed death after global ischemia in rats.

Author(s): Bancila M, Copin JC, Daali Y, Schatlo B, Gasche Y, Bijlenga P

Affiliation(s): Service de Neurochirurgie, Departement des Neurosciences Cliniques, Hopitaux Universitaires de Geneve et Universite de Geneve, 1211 Geneva, Switzerland.

Publication date & source: 2011-08, Fundam Clin Pharmacol., 25(4):469-78. Epub 2010 Oct 6.

Publication type: Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

Recent in vitro evidence suggests that T-type Ca(2+) channels are implicated in the mechanisms of ischemia-induced delayed neuronal cell death. The aim of this work was to study the neuroprotective potential of mibefradil and pimozide, both T-type Ca(2+) channel inhibitors, in an in vivo rat model of global ischemia. We performed blinded and randomized placebo vs. treatment experiments using 57 animals to test mibefradil and fourteen animals to test pimozide. Each treated animal received a single stereotactic intraventricular injection of mibefradil or intraperitoneal injection of pimozide prior to transient global cerebral ischemia. The primary endpoint was the number of neurons surviving in the CA1 region 72 h after insult as evaluated by NeuN-labeled cell counts. All physiological variables monitored immediately before and after ischemic insult were equivalent between all groups. Surviving neurons in the CA1 region were significantly more frequent in the treated groups compared to the placebo group (mibefradil: 36.8 +/- 2.8 cells in a 200 x 100 mum counting area vs. placebo: 25.2 +/- 3.2 [P < 0.01]; pimozide: 39.4 +/- 1.12 vs. placebo: 27.8 +/- 0.7 [P < 0.0001]). Thus, administration of mibefradil or pimozide effectively prevents neuronal death after ischemia in a rat model of global ischemia. This study provides further support for a neuroprotective effect of T-type Ca(2+) current inhibition during ischemia. (c) 2010 The Authors Fundamental and Clinical Pharmacology (c) 2010 Societe Francaise de Pharmacologie et de Therapeutique.

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