DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Targeted anti-inflammatory systemic therapy for restenosis: The Biorest Liposomal Alendronate with Stenting sTudy (BLAST)-a double blind, randomized clinical trial.

Author(s): Banai S, Finkelstein A, Almagor Y, Assali A, Hasin Y, Rosenschein U, Apruzzese P, Lansky AJ, Kume T, Edelman ER.

Affiliation(s): Tel Aviv Medical Center, Tel Aviv, Israel. Electronic address: banais@netvision.net.il.

Publication date & source: 2013, Am Heart J. , 165(2):234-240

BACKGROUND: Activation of systemic innate immunity is critical in the chain of events leading to restenosis. LABR-312 is a novel compound that transiently modulates circulating monocytes, reducing accumulation of these cells at vascular injury sites and around stent struts. The purpose of the study was to examine the safety and efficacy of a single intravenous bolus of LABR-312 in reducing restenosis in patients treated for coronary narrowing. Patient response was examined in light of differential inflammatory states as evidenced by baseline circulating monocyte levels, diabetes mellitus, and acute coronary syndrome. METHODS: BLAST is a Phase II prospective, randomized, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial that assessed the safety and efficacy of LABR-312. Patients were randomized to receive LABR-312 at 2 dose levels or placebo as an intravenous infusion during percutaneous coronary intervention and bare metal stent implantation. The primary end point was mean angiographic in-stent late loss at 6 months. RESULTS: Patients (N = 225) were enrolled at 12 centers. There were no safety concerns associated with the study drug. For the overall cohort, there were no differences between the groups in the primary efficacy end point (in-stent late loss of 0.86 ± 0.60 mm, 0.83 ± 0.57 mm, and 0.81 ± 0.68 mm for the placebo, low-dose, and high-dose group, respectively; P = not significant for all comparisons). In the prespecified subgroups of patients with a baseline proinflammatory state, patients with diabetes mellitus, and patients with high baseline monocyte count, there was a significant treatment effect. CONCLUSIONS: Intravenous administration of LABR-312 to patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention is safe and effectively modulates monocyte behavior. The average late loss did not differ between the treatment and placebo groups. However, in the inflammatory patient group with baseline monocyte count higher than the median value, there was a significant reduction in late loss with LABR-312.

Page last updated: 2013-02-10

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017