DrugLib.com — Drug Information Portal

Rx drug information, pharmaceutical research, clinical trials, news, and more

Plasma thyroid hormones and prolactin in premature infants and their mothers after prenatal treatment with thyrotropin-releasing hormone.

Author(s): Ballard PL, Ballard RA, Creasy RK, Padbury J, Polk DH, Bracken M, Moya FR, Gross I

Affiliation(s): Department of Pediatrics and Obstetrics and Gynecology, Mount Zion Hospital, San Francisco, California 94143.

Publication date & source: 1992-12, Pediatr Res., 32(6):673-8.

Publication type: Clinical Trial; Multicenter Study; Randomized Controlled Trial

We assayed TSH, triiodothyronine, free thyroxine, and prolactin (PRL) in plasma of women and infants participating in a trial of prenatal thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) treatment for prevention of newborn lung disease. Women in labor at 26-34 wk of gestation received 400 micrograms of TRH i.v. every 8 h (one to four doses) plus 12 mg betamethasone (one or two doses); controls received saline plus betamethasone. Mean cord concentrations in control infants were TSH 9.7 mU/L, triiodothyronine 0.6 nmol/L (40.2 ng/dL), free thyroxine 14.4 pmol/L (1.13 ng/dL), and PRL 67.6 micrograms/L. TRH increased maternal plasma TSH by 100% at 2-4 h after treatment and decreased levels by 28-34% at 5-36 h. In cord blood of treated infants delivered at 2-6 h, TSH, triiodothyronine, and PRL were all increased about 2-fold versus control, and free thyroxine was increased 19%; the response was similar after one, two, three, or four doses of TRH. In treated infants delivered at 13-36 h, cord TSH and triiodothyronine levels were decreased 62 and 54%, respectively, and all thyroid hormones were lower after birth at 2 h of age versus control. We conclude that prenatal TRH administration increases thyroid hormones and PRL in preterm fetuses to levels similar to those normally occurring at term. Pituitary-thyroid function is transiently suppressed after treatment to a greater extent in fetus than mother, and infants born during the early phase of suppression do not have the normal postnatal surge in thyroid hormones.

Page last updated: 2006-01-31

-- advertisement -- The American Red Cross
Home | About Us | Contact Us | Site usage policy | Privacy policy

All Rights reserved - Copyright DrugLib.com, 2006-2017