Testosterone but not estradiol level is positively related to muscle strength and physical performance independent of muscle mass: a cross-sectional study in 1489 older men.
Author(s): Auyeung TW, Lee JS, Kwok T, Leung J, Ohlsson C, Vandenput L, Leung PC, Woo J
Affiliation(s): The S H Ho Centre of Gerontology and Geriatrics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, Hong Kong, People's Republic of China. email@example.com
Publication date & source: 2011-05, Eur J Endocrinol., 164(5):811-7. Epub 2011 Feb 23.
Publication type: Comparative Study; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
OBJECTIVE: To examine the relationship between different measures of testosterone and estradiol (E(2)), muscle mass, muscle strength, and physical performance; and to test whether the association of sex hormone level with muscle strength and physical performance was independent of muscle mass. DESIGN AND METHODS: A cross-sectional survey on 1489 community-dwelling men older than 64 years of age. Serum levels of testosterone and E(2) were measured by mass spectrometry, and sex hormone-binding globulin (SHBG) levels were measured by immunoradioassay. Muscle mass was examined by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry and physical performance was assessed by hand-grip strength, gait speed, step length and chair-stand test. RESULTS: Appendicular skeletal mass (ASM) was positively associated with total testosterone (TT; P<0.001), free testosterone (FT; P<0.001), and total E(2) (P<0.001) but not with free E(2) (P=0.102). After adjustment for age, serum SHBG and relative ASM, both TT and FT were significantly associated with grip strength, narrow-walk speed and the composite neuromuscular score. Higher total E(2), but not free E(2) was associated with lower grip strength (P<0.05) after adjustment for age, FT, SHBG and relative ASM. CONCLUSIONS: Testosterone level was related to both muscle mass, strength and physical performance. Total E(2) level, though related to muscle mass positively, affected muscle strength adversely in older men.