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Microparticle-associated tissue factor activity and venous thrombosis in multiple myeloma.

Author(s): Auwerda JJ, Yuana Y, Osanto S, de Maat MP, Sonneveld P, Bertina RM, Leebeek FW

Affiliation(s): Erasmus University Medical Center, Department of Hematology, Rotterdam, The Netherlands.

Publication date & source: 2011-01, Thromb Haemost., 105(1):14-20. Epub 2010 Nov 5.

Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial

Multiple myeloma (MM) is associated with an increased risk of venous thromboembolic (VTE) complications. Aim of this study was to measure microparticle-associated tissue factor (MP-TF) activity in patients with newly diagnosed MM before and after chemotherapy and to investigate whether MP-TF activity is associated with VTE. MP-TF activity was assessed in 122 newly diagnosed MM patients who were eligible for combination chemotherapy. MP-TF activity levels (17.6 fM Xa/min [8.6-33.2] (median [IQR]) were higher in untreated MM patients compared to normal healthy volunteers (4.1 fM Xa/min [2.3-6.6], p <0.001). MP-TF activity prior to the start of treatment was not different between patients who developed a VTE during follow-up (n=15) and those who did not (n=107). In 75 patients in whom plasma was obtained before and after chemotherapy, MP-TF activity decreased significantly (from 17.4 [10.2-32.8] to 12.0 [7.0-18.5] fM Xa/min, P=0.006). MP-TF activity remained, however, elevated in patients who developed VTE (15.1 [10.3-25.2]), in contrast to patients not developing VTE (11.4 [7.0-25.2], P<0.001). In conclusion, MP-TF activity is increased in patients with MM. Whether MP-TF activity has a pathogenetic role in VTE in MM patients remains to be established in future studies.

Page last updated: 2011-12-09

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