Effect of fibrolytic enzyme application to low- and high-concentrate diets on the performance of lactating dairy cattle.
Author(s): Arriola KG, Kim SC, Staples CR, Adesogan AT
Affiliation(s): Department of Animal Sciences, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida, Gainesville 32606, USA.
Publication date & source: 2011-02, J Dairy Sci., 94(2):832-41.
Publication type: Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
The objective of this study was to examine the effect of applying a fibrolytic enzyme preparation to diets with high (48% of diet dry matter, DM) or low (33% of diet DM) proportions of concentrate on production performance of lactating dairy cows. Sixty lactating Holstein cows (589 kg +/- 20; 22 +/- 3 d in milk) were stratified according to milk production and parity and randomly assigned to 4 treatments with a 2 x 2 factorial arrangement. Dietary treatments included the following: 1) low-concentrate diet (LC); 2) LC plus enzyme (LCE); 3) high-concentrate diet (HC); and 4) HC plus enzyme (HCE). The enzyme was sprayed at a rate of 3.4 mg of enzyme/g of DM on the total mixed ration daily and the trial lasted for 63 d. A second experiment with a 4 x 4 Latin square design used 4 ruminally fistulated cows to measure treatment effects on ruminal fermentation and in situ ruminal dry matter degradation during four 18-d periods. Enzyme application did not affect dry matter intake (DMI; 23.9 vs. 22.3 kg/d) or milk production (32.8 vs. 34.2 kg/d) but decreased estimated CH(4) production, increased total volatile fatty acid concentration (114.5 vs. 125.7 mM), apparent total tract digestibility of DM (69.8 vs. 72.6%), crude protein (CP; 69.2 vs. 73.3%), acid detergent fiber (50.4 vs. 54.8%), neutral detergent fiber (53.7 vs. 55.4%), and the efficiency of milk production (1.44 vs. 1.60 kg of milk/kg of DMI). Feeding more concentrates increased DMI (21.5 vs. 24.8 kg/d), milk yield (32.2 vs. 34.7 kg/d), milk protein yield (0.89 vs. 0.99 kg/d), and DM (69.9 vs. 72.6%), but decreased ruminal pH (6.31 vs. 6.06). Compared with cows fed HC, those fed LCE had lower DMI (20.8 vs. 25.7 kg/d) and CP intake (3.9 vs. 4.8 kg/d), greater ruminal pH (6.36 vs. 6.10), and similar milk yield (33.2 +/- 1.1 kg/d). Consequently, the efficiency of milk production was greater in cows fed LCE than those fed HC (1.69 vs. 1.42 kg of milk/kg of DMI). This fibrolytic enzyme increased the digestibility of DM, CP, neutral detergent fiber, and acid detergent fiber and the efficiency of milk production by dairy cows. Enzyme application to the low-concentrate diet resulted in as much milk production as that from cows fed the untreated high-concentrate diet. Copyright A(c) 2011 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.